Vrije Universiteit Brussel

 

Publications on Stem Cells

The clinical impact of early gram-positive bacteremia and the use of vancomycin after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
  • The clinical impact of early gram-positive bacteremia and the use of vancomycin after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    Schots R, Trullemans F, Van Riet I, Kaufman L, Hafsia A, Meddeb B, Hadj Ali ZB, Ben Abid H, Lauwers S, Van Camp B.

    Transplantation 69 (7), 1511-1514, 2000.

    Abstract:
    BACKGROUND: Gram-positive bacteremia (GPB) is an increasing infection after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Our purpose was to identify risk factors for GPB, to evaluate its impact on early mortality and morbidity, and to compare prophylactic with empirical intravenous vancomycin. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 89 consecutive BMTs in adult patients. Early GPB occurred in 29% of posttransplantation episodes. T-cell depletion (odds ratio [OR]: 0.18) and vancomycin-prophylaxis (OR: 0.28) reduced the risk of GPB Mortality at 6 weeks was not significantly different in patients with GPB (15% vs. 9.5%, P = 0.669). GPB was associated with the development of major complications, the use of amphotericin B, and prolonged neutropenia. Vancomycin prophylaxis led to an increased risk of early renal dysfunction (OR: 18.7). CONCLUSION: GPB contributes to overall morbidity during the early post-BMT episode but has no impact on mortality. Vancomycin prophylaxis is effective to reduce GPB but has a negative effect on renal function.

 

Back to top

  ©2004-2006 • HEIM • Vrije Universiteit Brussel • Faculteit Geneeskunde & Farmacie • Laarbeeklaan 103 • 1090 Jette • Tel.: (+32)-(0)2-477.44.06 • heim@vub.ac.be