Vrije Universiteit Brussel

 

Publications on Stem Cells

In vivo visualization of 111In labeled CD133+ peripheral blood stem cells after intracoronary administration in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease
  • In vivo visualization of 111In labeled CD133+ peripheral blood stem cells after intracoronary administration in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease.

    Caveliers V, De Keulenaer G, Everaert H, Van Riet I, Van Camp G, Verheye S, Roland J, Schoors D, Franken PR, Schots R.

    Q J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 51 (1), 61-6, 2007.

    Abstract:
    AIM: Stem cell homing to injured tissue is necessary for local tissue repair. But homing of stem cells in chronic ischemic heart disease (CIHD) is poorly understood. This study investigated homing of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) expressing the CD133 antigen. After intracoronary injection. The cells were (111)In labeled for in vivo visualization. METHODS: PBSC were mobilized with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor and collected by apheresis on d-1. On d0, CD133+ cells were enriched up to a median purity of 89% (range: 79-97%) with an immunomagnetic separation device (CliniMACS, Miltenyi). A fraction of the cells was radiolabeled with [(111)In]oxine in 0.1 M TRIS at pH 7.4 for 45-60 min. Cell viability after labeling was assessed using trypan-blue. The cells were injected at a radioactive concentration of 0.9 MBq/10(6) cells into the target open coronary vessel through a balloon catheter. During balloon inflation [(99m)Tc]sestamibi was injected intravenously to identify the myocardium and the target vascular territory. Eight patients (mean age: 53 years; range: 50-72 years) with stable CIHD and reduced left ventricular function (NYHA class I-II) after acute myocardial infarction (>12 months) were studied. After a first cohort of 3 patients received an injectate of 5-10 x 10(6) cells, our final protocol was applied in 5 patients in whom an average of 34.4 x 10(6) (range: 18.6-49.4) CD133+ cells was injected. Whole body and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scans were acquired at different time points after injection (energy windows set at 140, 171 and 245 keV). Residual activity in the heart was assessed by drawing a region of interest around the heart on the anterior whole body views

 

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