Vrije Universiteit Brussel

 

Publications on Multiple Myeloma

Immunoglobulins D and M multiple myeloma variants are heavily mutated
  • Immunoglobulins D and M multiple myeloma variants are heavily mutated.

    Juge-Morineau, N, Heirman, C, Bakkus, M, Van Camp, B, Malfait, R, Harousseau, JL, Thielemans, K, Bataille, R.

    Clin Cancer Res 3 (12 Pt 1), 2501-6, 1997.

    Abstract:
    Multiple myeloma (MM) is a B-cell malignancy characterized by the expansion of malignant plasma cells within the bone marrow. Previous studies that have examined the Ig VH genes of IgG and IgA MMs have shown the presence of somatic mutations, suggesting that in these cases, the myeloma precursor cell passed through the phase of antigenic selection within the germinal center but is no longer exposed to the somatic mutation process. However, no information about this matter is available in the rare IgD and IgM MM variants. Therefore, we have analyzed the Ig VH genes of three IgD, one IgM, and one biclonal (IgG and IgM) MM for the presence of somatic mutations. Our study demonstrates that all of these myeloma clones have accumulated a high number of somatic mutations within their Ig VH genes but show no intraclonal variation. Moreover, proof that the clone sustained a strong antigenic selection pressure could be provided in three cases (one IgD and two IgMs). Therefore, this study strongly implies that IgD and IgM MMs emerge from a postgerminal center preswitched B cell that is no longer exposed to the somatic mutation process or able to undergo further isotype switching in vivo.

 

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