Vrije Universiteit Brussel

 

Publications on Multiple Myeloma

In vivo induction of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor and CD44v6 confers homing and adhesion to murine multiple myeloma cells
  • In vivo induction of insulin-like growth factor-I receptor and CD44v6 confers homing and adhesion to murine multiple myeloma cells.

    Asosingh, K, Gunthert, U, Bakkus, MH, De Raeve, H, Goes, E, Van Riet, I, Van Camp, B, Vanderkerken, K.

    Cancer Res 60 (11), 3096-104, 2000.

    Abstract:
    One of the main characteristics of multiple myeloma (MM) cells is their specific homing and growth in the bone marrow (BM). Differences between stroma-dependent and -independent MM cell lines may reveal key molecules that play important roles in their homing to the BM We addressed this topic with a murine MM model, including the in vivo 5T33MM (5T33MMvv) stroma-dependent cell line and its in vitro stroma-independent variant (5T33MMvt). Fluorescence-activated cell-sorting analysis showed expression of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I receptor and CD44v6 on all 5T33MMvv cells but not on 5T33MMvt cells. Checkerboard analysis and adhesion assays revealed IGF-I-dependent chemotaxis toward BM-conditioned medium and involvement of CD44v6 in the adhesion to BM stroma of only 5T33MMvv cells. However, when 5T33MMvt cells were injected in vivo (5T33MMvt-vv), after 18 h the MM cells harvested from BM were IGF-I receptor and CD44v6 positive. This up-regulation was confirmed in 5T33MMvt-vv cells isolated from terminally diseased animals. These ST33MMvt-vv cells exhibited IGF-I-dependent chemotaxis and CD44v6-dependent adhesion to BM stroma. In vitro culture of the 5T33MMvt-vv cells could completely down-regulate IGF-I receptor and CD44v6. In fact, we could show that direct contact of 5T33MMvt cells with BM endothelial cells is a prerequisite for IGF-I receptor and CD44v6 up-regulation. These data indicate that the BM microenvironment is capable of up-regulating molecules such as IGF-I receptor and CD44v6, which facilitate homing of MM cells to the BM and support their adhesion to BM stroma.

 

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