Vrije Universiteit Brussel

 

Publications on Multiple Myeloma

Myeloma cells (5TMM) and their interactions with the marrow microenvironment
  • Myeloma cells (5TMM) and their interactions with the marrow microenvironment.

    Menu, E, Asosingh, K, Van Riet, I, Croucher, P, Van Camp, B, Vanderkerken, K.

    Blood Cells Mol Dis 33 (2), 111-9, 2004.

    Abstract:
    Myeloma is a deadly B-cell neoplasm, characterized by the monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells, the development of osteolytic lesions, and the induction of angiogenesis. Myeloma cells are predominantly localized in the marrow where they receive the appropriate survival and proliferation signals. To reach or spread over the marrow, the myeloma cells need to migrate from the vascular to the extravascular compartment of the marrow. A process calledhoming. In this review, the steps of the homing scheme, analyzed in the 5TMM model, will be described. These murine models originated from spontaneously developed myeloma in elderly mice and have since been propagated by intravenous injection of myeloma cells into young syngeneic mice. These models resemble the human condition closely. The different studies reported here demonstrate that adhesion of 5TMM cells to marrow endothelial cells is partially mediated by CD44v10 and to stromal cells by CD44v6. The 5TMM cells migrate to the marrow through the effects of MCP-1, laminin-1, and IGF-1. Once past the marrow endothelium, they invade the extravascular compartment of the marrow by secreting MMP-9 and uPA When they have settled in the marrow, they become susceptible to the effects of IGF-1, which stimulates the cells to proliferate and produce VEGF Furthermore, studies targeting the marrow with inhibitors will be highlighted. These studies show that the 5TMM models are useful for unraveling basic biological processes and for identifying new therapeutic targets.

 

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